Many of the German Jews who fled to Holland when the Nazi persecution began to reach high levels found refuge in Westerbork. A refugee camp set up by the Dutch government and largely financed by the Jewish community to provide what was meant to be comfortable living conditions, Westerbork was to become a weapon of the Nazi terror machine after the occupation of Holland. After 1940 it was turned into a Concentration Camp and Transit Center. Most of the estimated 104,000 Dutch Jewish victims of the Holocaust would either pass through or perish in Westerbork.
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